The “Oddball” Link Between the Shakahola Forest and Jonestown Massacres

(Editor’s note: John Collins is a regular contributor to the jonestown report. His collections of articles for this site may be found here. For more information about this research, read Weaponized Religion: From Latter Rain to Colonia Dignidad, available on More information about Rev. Branham prepared by John Collins may be found at the informational website, A video presentation can be found here.

In March of 2023, gruesome details of men, women, and children exhumed from mass graves in the Shakahola Forest near the town of Malindi in southern Kenya spread quickly around the world. The victims were members of a suicide sect that was led by a man named Paul Mackenzie. Shocking information soon emerged about the charismatic Mackenzie instructing members of his sect to starve themselves to death to transition from this life to the next.[1] Apparently, parents willingly instructed their children to die first as part of a three-stage suicide pact: children first, women second, and men last.[2]

As the investigation continued, government officials came to understand that members of the sect had been brainwashed.[3] Homicide investigators uncovered several religious tracts published from Jeffersonville, Indiana named “The Spoken Word,”[4] a phrase Peoples Temple leader Jim Jones used during his days in the Latter Rain movement.[5]Investigators came to the conclusion that Paul Mackenzie had used the tracts, which included transcripts from Indiana cult leader William Marrion Branham, to brainwash his victims.[6] Little did they know at the time that it was this same William Branham who helped launch Jones’ ministry in Indiana,[7] or that Jones was a leader in Branham’s sect called “The Message.”[8] All they knew at the time was that the horrific scene reminded them of the tragic end of Jones and his followers in Jonestown, Guyana in 1978, an observation made by several news outlets covering the tragedy in Kenya.[9] By August, officials in Kenya uncovered almost 430 bodies.[10]

One of the Spoken Word tracts and sermon transcripts recovered from the scene of the Shakahola Massacre was a Branham sermon entitled “The Oddball.” In 1964, Branham sanctioned another splinter group that developed in Prescott, Arizona under cult leader Leo Mercier. About the same time that Jones began working with Branham in May 1955,[11] Branham also began working with Leo Mercier and his partner, Gene Goad.[12] The two men recorded Branham’s sermons, which eventually were transcribed and published as the “Spoken Word” tracts that Mackenzie used to brainwash his followers. After Mercier and Goad had established “The Park,” their commune in Arizona, Branham preached his blessings in a sermon that he entitled “The Oddball.” It was a theme he used often, giving listeners the notion that behaving according to the cult’s unusual rules and behaviors was to be praised.

And then thinking of—of this group, no doubt, that, in the eyes of the people on the other side, you’ve become a fool. You have become what we would call, today: The Oddball. No doubt but what people think that of you. And remember, that, on the other side, they’re oddballs, too. See? 23 So—so you have to be somebody’s fool, so I’d rather be a fool for Christ.

– William Branham, The Oddball[13]

What happened at the commune, however, was not praiseworthy. Though the commune’s tragic end was not so deadly as other splinter groups of Branham’s “Message” sect, it bore many similarities to its more destructive counterparts. Like Mackenzie’s sect, children at “The Park” were victimized, and parents were brainwashed to either support or participate in their abuse. Children in the commune were brutally beaten by multiple elders under Mercier’s command,[14] some bleeding through their underwear,[15] while others were stripped naked and forced to march around the compound.[16] Some children were mutilated or molested, also naked, and forced to run the camps with sand forced into their rectums.[17] In severe cases of abuse, elders stood over children, alternating the lashes between men.[18] Fortunately, ”The Park” imploded before the splinter group radicalized to the point of having a climactic end and collapsed with Mercier’s death.

Many people in William Branham’s “Message” cult of personality and its various splinter groups are not aware of the evils that happened in “The Park” and other communes led by ministers radicalized by Branham’s teachings. Though Mackenzie himself may have been aware of this history and harnessed the power of the neurolinguistic programming contained in Branham’s speeches,[19] it is very unlikely that any of his victims were. As it relates to the radicalization of ministers and their followers, however, this particular sermon, “The Oddball,” is interesting only due to an unfortunate parallel: One splinter group of Branham’s “Message” cult was radicalized through a Branham sermon praising another splinter group on the other side of the earth.

In his sermons and educational videos, Paul Mackenzie taught Branham’s Serpent Seed doctrine,[20] which was derived from Wesley A. Swift’s Christian Identity doctrine. According to both Swift and Branham, the Biblical Eve from the Garden of Eden mated with the Serpent, believed to be the devil, to produce a second, evil bloodline into creation. The descendants of Eve’s son Cain, according to this doctrine, were “Children of the Curse,” sometimes referred to as “The Curse of Ham.”[21] due to the genealogy described in Swift’s doctrine. This doctrine was used to radicalize white supremacists of the 1960s and beyond,[22] through the belief that that this “curse” was black skin. Mackenzie and his followers – all having black skin – were likely unaware that they were being radicalized with theology developed for white supremacy.

When William Branham rebranded Swift’s doctrine as “Serpent’s Seed,” he did so very strategically. Branham removed the words “black” and “Jew” from Swift’s doctrine, and convinced his converts to believe the pseudo-archaeological and pseudo-genealogical history of the “two seed doctrine.” By gradually and covertly introducing Swift’s teaching to participants in his revivals, Branham was able to push the idea held by Swift and other white supremacists of impending race war.[23] Although Branham initially removed the racial elements of Swift’s theology, he traced the genealogy of the “evil bloodline” through Ham, son of the Biblical Noah,[24] which many Christians of the era believed to be the origin of the black race. Once this was established, Branham introduced his “hybreeding” doctrine, restoring the racial component. According to this doctrine, a white person who produced offspring with a black person had produced a “hybrid person,” and that person could not enter the kingdom of heaven.[25] Branham was eventually sanctioned for spreading this doctrine, and 300 ministers denounced it as abominable heresy.[26] It also appears that the Serpent Seed doctrine was the reason that Jim Jones abandoned the Latter Rain movement.[27]

Understanding the timeline of the intersection between Jones and the formation of Peoples Temple as it relates to Branham’s involvement with the Latter Rain movement is critical to understanding how Paul Mackenzie’s suicide sect could seem so vastly different from Peoples Temple. Both were splinter groups of the “Latter Rain Message,” commonly referred to as the “Message” sect of Pentecostalism in the mid to late 1950s. While both were results of splits from Branham’s healing revivals, core doctrines and interests within the two splinter groups were not aligned. Branham used multiple versions of a stage persona in an attempt to appeal to very different crowds, and when those crowds began to sanction the minister, his stage persona quickly shifted. In one version of the stage persona, for example, Branham accepted the doctrine of the Holy Trinity to appeal to Trinitarian denominations of Christian faith,[28] but in other versions, Branham denounced the Trinitarian doctrine as being inspired by Satan himself, the doctrine of demons.[29] By doing so, Branham could appeal to the Oneness Pentecostal crowds that had rejected the Trinity.

From its inception, the Latter Rain Movement was doctrinally aligned with Branham and Rev. Franklin Hall.[30] Hall was recognized for his book, Atomic Power with God Through Fasting and Prayer, which appears to have been closely aligned with Paul Mackenzie’s suicide sect. Mackenzie believed that fasting could achieve the ultimate power with God; for Mackenzie, fasting was the vehicle that would transfer a convert from this life into heaven. In 1978, Jones denounced the practice of fasting as a worthless spiritual explanation for not having enough food.[31] Jones was somewhat aligned with Mackenzie[32] in that he threatened fasting as a weapon of protest in March 1978,[33] but obviously did not chose it as the means to escape life on earth. By the time Jones joined the Latter Rain healing revivals and fell under Branham’s influence, the version of Branham’s stage persona had shifted such that it was against the widespread fasting practices.

And I want to forget all this foolishness of all these forty-day fasts and see if I can get closer to God, and all this, that, the other, all this nonsense.” Stop it! There’s nothing in the Word tells you to have a forty-day fast. Not a thing. There’s nothing in the world telling you to fast, ’less God would tell you. If you fast, you ain’t going to get hungry, and go all these things. As you are fasting, brother, you’ll be joy and happy all the time. Said, “Don’t appear before men like hypocrites do, with a long, sad face. ‘I’m on a forty-day fast. My plates won’t fit me anymore. I’ve lost thirty pounds, and they told me I look better after this is over.’” Oh, nonsense! It’s enticing spirits of the devil.[34]

– William Branham, 1955

This was not always the case, however. When the fasting doctrine of Franklin Hall was extremely popular among Latter Rain leaders and converts, Branham frequently advertised fasting as a spiritual experience.[35] According to that version of Branham’s stage persona, the blood flowed to the brain and opened the door to a supernatural experience.

If your—if you keep your stomach empty, the blood is at your brain, and you must be ready. And if you’re all full when you’re…That’s the power of fasting. When you’re—when you’re full, the blood goes into your stomach to digest your food. You see? And then when you’re empty, it’s in your—in your brain.

– William Branham, 1950[36]

In the mid 1960s, long after Jones had separated from Branham, the stage persona shifted once more. Branham was more aligned with the fasting doctrine in the years leading up to his death, claiming that members of the church should join in fasts for powerful supernatural experiences. In fact, Branham claimed that if an entire church joined in fasting together, such power could result in raising a dead person back to life.

You’re, each one, set in God’s economy, just for its place. One fasts all the time and communes with God, while another one casts out devils because this one is fasting. But it’s the whole Body of Christ working together, the unity.

– William Branham, 1964[37]

If we had a little girl here in the church, or a little boy, or somebody that we love real well, and life would go out of them. The whole church would get together, and they’d go to pray and fasting: “Lord, have mercy on that child.” See? God could raise it up.

– William Branham, 1964[38]

Another example of Branham’s ever-changing doctrinal foundations resulting in very different influences on Peoples Temple and Paul Mackenzie’s sect is that of Branham’s doctrines about education. Jones was very vocal in support of education, especially among the African nations.[39] Paul Mackenzie, on the other hand, strictly forbade education. According to Mackenzie, education was satanic.[40] While both sect leaders are polar opposite in their positions, both are fully aligned with Branham’s theology based upon Branham’s timeline. When preaching with Jim Jones at the Cadle Tabernacle in June 1956, Branham praised education, and announced that he wished that he had a seminary degree.

And so, but in the audience tonight is many real men deserving who are doctors of divinity. How I wish I had their education and had their ability to do that they can, but I haven’t got it. So I just have to depend on God to work on your hearts that to believe what I say, that’s all, only way I know.

– William Branham, 1956[41]

The 1964 version of Branham’s stage persona, however, took a firm stance against education and seminaries. According to Branham, ministers trained in seminaries were given instruction “interpreted by Satan.”

If he doesn’t, then he’ll send you off to his own seminary, to be taught by his own theologians, see, where Satan is the interpreter. “Oh, the days of miracles is passed. That people down there, I got…well, that’s a bunch of heretics. They, they’re not, see.” He’ll send you there.

– William Branham, 1964[42]

This is largely due to Branham’s close ties with leaders of white supremacy during the 1960s as the Civil Rights Movement began to push for equal opportunity and racially integrated schools. William Branham was ordained by,[43]mentored by,[44] and kept close connections to[45] the second-in-command[46] of the 1915 Ku Klux Klan, Rev. Roy E. Davis. While working with Jones, Branham admitted that he first came in contact with the Christian Identity doctrine in Davis’ Pentecostal church through elder George DeArk, though in that version of his stage persona, Branham claimed to have rejected it.[47] Long before working with Jones, however, Branham taught the fundamentals of Christian Identity. He claimed that the Jews were “servants” and to be separate from other Christians.[48] He taught Wesley Swift’s genealogy of the “two seed doctrine,” pointing to the offspring of Ham (believed to be the nations of Africa) for the evil “seed” as early as 1953.[49] Though Branham appears to have concealed his personal beliefs towards the superiority of people with white skin while working with Jones, it is clear that the Klan had a deep influence on Branham’s doctrine. As Roy Davis rose through the ranks of the Third Wave of the Ku Klux Klan to become the Imperial Wizard,[50] Branham’s white supremacy doctrine became more openly taught in his revivals.

In 1959, Roy Davis was chosen to be the Imperial Grand Dragon of the Ku Klux Klan in Dallas by Imperial Wizard Eldon Edwards.[51] Davis was widely discussed in national news media during this time, and Branham frequently dropped Davis’ name in his healing revivals. Branham wanted his listeners to know that he had a long history with the Imperial Wizard.

Well, I remember Dr. Roy Davis, a—a—a personal friend of mine, who baptized me the only time I’ve ever been baptized. And he said that John was meaning, I remember this in their school, he said, “John knowed that he had never been baptized, himself, so he… Jesus. John suffered Jesus to baptize him.” Well, that, I— I different with the—the great Doctor there. Not for controversy, but for the sake of Truth I might say this. No, there was two men, the two leaders of the hour, the Messiah and His prophet met in the water.

– William Branham, 1963[52]

As the Klan and other white supremacy groups in the 1960s rose against the education system for the push towards racial integration, Branham began shifting his doctrines towards alignment with the agenda. Branham claimed that “education, civilization, and the modern trend of the day” was “of the devil.[53] He claimed that the school system was producing a large percentage of “mentally retarded” students.[54] He openly declared himself to be a “segregationalist,”and taught that one cannot be a Christian if they were not.[55] His “Hybreeding” doctrine transitioned to include the public school system in the theology, blasting politicians for trying to “ruin the race of people” because African Americans “got better schools” than whites.[56] Branham labeled Civil Rights Leaders such as Martin Luther King, Jr. as “communist,”[57] and was very outspoken against students such as Air Force veteran James Meredith who fought for equal opportunity.[58]

Prior to this, the versions of William Branham’s stage persona were vastly different and influenced a wide range of people and movements. Like Jim Jones, Children of God founder “Moses” David Berg was a Latter Rain convert deeply influenced by Branham. The Children of God was infamous for their “Happy Hookers for Jesus,”[59] women that recruited men into the cult through sex. Berg was a Christian & Missionary Alliance minister ousted from the organization due to allegations of sexual misconduct.[60] After Berg was defrocked, Branham issued a prophetic blessing on his ministry – just as he had done for Jones in 1956[61] – and inspired Berg to teach junior classes.[62] This eventually led to the formation of the Children of God sect. Until his death in 1994, Berg continued to promote Branham’s prophetic ministry, publishing literature about the “Life Story” accounts Branham used for his stage persona,[63] teaching Branham’s doctrine about UFOs, spreading news about Branham’s “halo” photograph and “angelic commission,”[64] and more.

Some of those doctrines, such as the doctrine of other-worldly dimensions and UFOs, carried forward to the same version of stage persona in use when Jim Jones worked with Branham in the Latter Rain revivals.[65] Like Berg, Jones remained fully aligned with those extra-terrestrial doctrines.[66] Berg, however, was converted under an earlier version of the stage persona than Jones, and was aligned with white supremacy. Berg openly stated that he was “an anti-Semite because God is! Yes I’m a racist because God is![67] Interestingly, splinter groups of Berg’s Children of God sect, such as the “Jesus Christians,”[68] openly showed their support for Paul Mackenzie’s doomsday theology[69] during Mackenzie’s arrest in 2019 for radicalizing children with Christian extremism.[70]

Jim Jones was clearly not aligned with Branham’ white supremacy agendas, however, and had separated Peoples Temple from Branham as the racist themes began to emerge. This is not the case, however, with many splinter groups of Branham’s “Message” cult. As unusual as it sounds, Branham’s doctrines of white supremacy are widely adopted among converts in the nations of Africa – including converts with black skin – and some openly teach the racist version.

In the Ivory Coast, for example, black “Message” sect leader Kacou Philippe prides himself in being fully aligned with the latest version of Branham’s stage persona, and openly teaches the white supremacy doctrines. Philippe is fully aware that they were intended for purposes of discrimination against people with black skin and instructs his converts to accept the discrimination. It is, according to Philippe, the “divine decree” of the “white man” for “peace and stability.”

All the gold, the diamonds, all the petroleum and all the subsoil and the fertile lands and the woods of Africa and everything on the soil of Africa is the original property of the white man, who has the right to deport them to America to work in his cotton and sugar cane plantations. Learn to comply with this divine decree for peace and stability.

– Kacou Philippe[71]

Philippe was introduced to Branham’s teachings through Latter Rain leader Ewald Frank and considers himself to be a disciple of Frank rather than a disciple of Branham. Frank was instrumental in helping establish various sects devoted to William Branham’s doctrine in multiple parts of the world, including South America. Frank has deep ties[72] to the infamous Colonia Dignidad where hundreds of people were killed and buried in mass graves.[73] In Africa, Frank’s influence reaches as far west as Ivory Coast and as far east as Nairobi, Kenya, near Paul Mackenzie’s suicide sect.[74]

Philippe claimed that Branham laid the initial foundation of the doctrine, which he called “the Evening Light,” and that Frank furthered Branham’s doctrine with “the Midnight Cry,” for which Philippe’s sect is named.[75] That foundation includes the Christian Identity doctrine of Wesley Swift, the same racist theology used by Paul Mackenzie to brainwash his sect of converts. Like Jones and Berg, Phillipe adopted Branham’s doctrines of dimensions and UFOs.[76] Philippe is recognized, however, for the hate speech, and has been arrested multiple times.[77]

We know that there are two seeds on the earth! A seed of God through Adam then Abel and a seed of the devil through the serpent then Cain, and that’s what I want to talk about this evening. But to begin with, I would like to say that if a sister insults or says an offensive word to her child, you must call her out to order on the fact that the Message prohibits that! If she persists, the elders must hear her! It is an act of insubordination!

– Kacou Philippe[78]

There are literally thousands of similar sects spread around the world that are dedicated to Branham’s teaching or influenced by Branham’s doctrine. The vast majority of them are somewhat benign when compared to sects led by Jones, Mackenzie, Mercier, Berg, Philippe, and Colonia Dignidad. Some have radicalized, but in much different ways. Some sects terrorize women on the streets for not adhering to the Pentecostal dress code.[79] Others abuse their power over brainwashed converts to have sex with them,[80] often through polygamy[81] but sometimes rape.[82] Leaders of splinter groups use their power for financial schemes, money laundering,[83] and organizing assaults on members of other faiths.[84] There is no way to predict when or how the radicalized sects will lead their members into a climactic event such as the Jonestown Massacre or the Shakahola Forest Massacre, but one thing is for certain: All sects that have been radicalized by Branham’s doomsday theology are at risk.

I’m glad that there’s something to get us out of this pesthouse. There’s an open door, and it’s called death. Jesus stands in that door. Amen. He’ll guide me over the river. He’ll take me through that door. There’s a great door standing yonder, called death. And every time your heart beats, you’re one beat closer to it. And someday I must come to that door. You must come there. But when I come there, I don’t want to be a coward. I don’t want to scream and back off. I want to come to that door, wrap myself in the robes of His righteousness (not mine), His.

– William Branham, 1965[85]


[1] Obar, Mark. 2023, Apr 27. Shakahola Whistleblower Reveals 3 Phases of Death Paul Mackenzie Subjected Followers. Accessed 2023, Apr 29 from “According to Wanje, the horrendous mass deaths began in March 2023 when Mackenzie hatched a plan to spuriously transfer his followers to their makers – a journey that was statically aided by undernourishment.”

[2] Gov’t Declares Cult Deaths In Malindi A Massacre. Citizen TV. Accessed 2023, Apr 29 from

[3] Cult victim found alive after three days in Malindi grave. 2023, Apr 19. The Star (Kenya). Accessed 2023, Apr 20 from “The victims were allegedly being brainwashed, according to the police.”

[4] ex: Number of graves discovered rise to 24 in Shakahola Village (YouTube Video) Accessed 2023, Apr 24 from; and Death toll from Kenya’s suspected starvation cult reaches 47 (YouTube Video) Accessed 2023, Apr 24 from

[5] Jim Jones, Transcript Q 353, “We’re not in a praying house here, we’re in a speaking house. The Spoken Word is here. The Word is made flesh.”

[6] Mackenzie: Cult leader who led legions to death. Accessed 2023, Apr 28 from “Mackenzie brainwashed his converts using William Branham’s End of Days theology, and convinced them that starvation could hasten their escape from this life to be with Jesus”

[7] Reiterman, Tim. 1982. Raven. “Creating an image meant creating publicity, and that meant a bold move. Soon after the move to his new church, he organized a mammoth religious convention to take place June 11 through June 15, 1956, in a cavernous Indianapolis hall called Cadle Tabernacle. To draw the crowds, Jim needed a religious headliner, and so he arranged to share the pulpit with Rev. William Branham, a healing evangelist and religious author as highly revered by some as Oral Roberts or Billy Graham.”

[8] Handwritten Notes of Jim Jones. Accessed 2022, Jul 14. “God sent you to Peoples Temple and you must not release yourself. I know there are things about the Message that you may not see but it is God.”

[9] Soriano, Jonatan. 2023, May 4. Accessed 2023, Aug 12 from “Fasting to meet Jesus”: the media case of a deadly cult in Kenya. “Similarities with Jonestown: Paul Mackenzie was working as a taxi driver in Nairobi when, in 2003, he left the capital to move to the coast and open a small church.”

[10] Nzwili, Fredrick. 2023, Aug 22. Kenya closes churches over “starvation massacre” that has killed 427. Accessed 2023, Aug 22 from

[11] William Branham’s Introduction to Jim Jones. Accessed 2022, Aug 21 from From letter from Joseph Mattsson-Boze to Jim Jones: “We had great farewell services here in Chicago yesterday before taking off for Africa. Rev. Branham was with us and we were of course packed out. Some nightly signs and miracles took place. If you care to contact Rev. Branham, his telephone is Jeffersonville, Indiana 2-1519. Always make it person to person. His mailing address is Box 325, Jeffersonville, Indiana. Always mark it ‘Personal.’ I enclose a few lines of recommendation that you can send in his letter.”

[12] Branham, William. 1955, Jun 4. Jairus, A Secret Believer. “Now, the only ones that I know in the—in the meeting are my associate here, Brother Wood, standing over here. Of course I know him. He’s with us. He’s the book salesman. Here sets Leo Mercier and Gene Goad down here, friends of mine with the my recorders.”

[13] Branham, William. 1964, May 31. The Oddball.

[14] Thibodeau, Deb Daulton. 2022. The Serpent’s Tail. “every morning before school a different Brother showed up to administer a beating I never knew what was coming a belt, a switch once an electric cord that hurt worse than anything so far I walked to school every day, striped throbbing pain neck to knees”

[15] Thibodeau, Deb Daulton. 2022. The Serpent’s Tail. “forearms on the couch head hanging whole body quivering with muted distress, gritted teeth as if to contain howls of outrage and pain my mind could not make sense of the bloody lashings on his back his white underwear stuck to his butt in bright red stripes of fresh blood”

[16] Thibodeau, Deb Daulton. 2022. The Serpent’s Tail. “You will stay here tonight. In the morning you will be stripped naked and you will march the roads until our Lord Jesus forgives you. Do not move. The Lord will show me if you do.”

[17] Thibodeau, Deb Daulton. 2022. The Serpent’s Tail. “Ed, he took them to the creek, stripped them naked….and beat them, he shoved creek sand in their mouth and ears…up their nose, it’s wrong and wicked what he done Ed…. he poked sand up in their rectum…. made them run home naked!”

[18] Thibodeau, Deb Daulton. 2022. The Serpent’s Tail. “They devised a simple but efficient way to keep us in place and get the required punishment accomplished they turned one of those hated metal folding chairs around, pushed it against the wall placed us behind the chair and forced us to bend over the back, reach down place our hands on the seat or grip the side bars if we were tall enough if not, hands were placed on the back of the chair thus, we anchored ourselves for our beatings the back of the chair against the chest of the smaller children, wedged into the gut of the larger kids, we could not bounce away standing on either side of the helpless positioned child two men went to work alternating lashes beatings went faster, Godly correction was not so difficult”

[19] 2020 Report on International Religious Freedom: Russia. Accessed 2023, Jul 3 from “According to the Interfax news agency, the Pushkinsky District Court of St. Petersburg declared informational materials promoting deceased U.S. preacher William Branham’s teachings extremist and prohibited their circulation in the country. The materials related to The Evening Light Christian organization. In its decision, the court cited a 2017 review of Branham’s works by St. Petersburg State University in which the works were deemed to contain elements of “neurolinguistic programing” and insulted the feelings of certain religious believers.”

[20] ex: Mackenzie, Paul. End Times Breaking. (YouTube video) “we want to give a disclaimer that this video series contains mature subjects like adultery human reproduction and so forth parental guidance is certainly encouraged before we teach the nine proofs we want to summarize the doctrine of the serpent seed for those unfamiliar with it”

[21] Jackson, Raymond. 1975, Mar 20. Curse of Ham. Accessed 2023, Aug 13 from

[22] Christian Identity. Accessed 2023, Arp 25 from “Christian Identity is an antisemitic, racist theology that rose to a position of commanding influence on the racist right in the 1980s. ‘Christian’ in name only, it asserts that white people, not Jewish people, are the true Israelites favored by God in the Bible. The movement’s relationship with evangelicals and fundamentalists has generally been hostile due to the latter’s belief that the return of Jewish people to Israel is essential to the fulfillment of end-time prophecy.”

[23] Branham, William. 1963, June 30. The Third Exodus (63-0630M). “Just—just like Hitler did, over in Germany, led them right into a death trap, them precious Germans. And they laid by the billions, or millions, piled up there on top one another. And that’s exactly the same thing. And remember, I’m on tape. You’ll see it, after, maybe after I’m gone. That’s exactly what’s going to happen. Them precious people will die down there, like flies. Starts a revolutionary, both white and colored will fight again, and die like flies.”

[24] Branham, William. 1953, June 14. Earnestly Contending For The Faith That Was Once Delivered To The Saints (53-0614A). “For instance, all down through the Scripture, we think of Babylon. When Babylon first appeared, look at it down through the Bible. Babylon appeared back there. You know, Nimrod built Babylon. First Babylon was called the ‘Gates of Heaven.’ Then it was called ‘confusion.’ And there’s where idolatry first started. Nimrod was a son of Ham, which come on back from a son of Cain. Watch them seeds as they come up. Watch what they bear.”

[25] Branham, William. 1960, Nov 13. Condemnation by Representation. “Hybreeding. Hybreeding, oh, how terrible! Hybreeding. They hybreed the people. New York, the big molding pot…I got hundreds of precious, colored friends that’s born-again Christians. But on this line of segregations and things they’re talking about, hybreeding the people! What? Tell me what fine cultured, fine Christian, colored woman would want her baby to be a mulatto, by a white man? No, sir. It’s not right. What white woman would want her baby to be a mulatto, by a colored man?” See also, Branham, William. 1960, Nov 27. It Wasn’t So From The Beginning . “And hybreeding was such a horrible thing in the Old Testament. He said, “A bastard child shall not enter into the congregation of the Lord for ten generations.” There’s nothing to breed him out, only that sin. Think. Ten generations, four hundred years before a illegitimate child could ever come into the Kingdom of God. There was no serum to take care of him. He had to just breed it out through the family. Four hundred years ’fore a illegitimate child could come in the congregation of the Lord.”

[26] Branham, William. 1961, October 15. Questions And Answers (61-1015M). “And I asked the other day in Chicago before three hundred ministers that stood over there to debate and to ask that…I…And the Lord told me, He give me a vision, and told me where we’d be and what to do. I stood before three hundred trinitarian ministers, and I said, ‘Now, if I am so wrong in this doctrine, some of you man stand up here and show me where I’m wrong by the Scripture without textbook. If there is no such a thing as serpent’s seed or something like that that I’ve been teaching, just come here and show me by the Scriptures.’ Nobody moved (see?), because it can’t be done. That’s true. Not to be different, but just it’s the Truth; it’s the Word. And there’s where…No one can debate that; that’s the Word of God; nobody can do it. See?”

[27] See Enemy in the Camp.

[28] Branham, William. 1951, September 29. Our Hope Is In God. “Then suffered under Pontius Pilate, crucified, died, buried, rose the third day, setting at the right hand of God the Father, making intercessions now for we who’ve accepted the Holy Spirit, the third Person of the trinity. And in our hearts, tonight, He rules and reigns.”

[29] Branham, William. 1961, January 8. Revelation Chapter Four 3. “Trinitarianism is of the devil!” I say that THUS SAITH THE LORD! Look where it come from. It come from the Nicene Council when the Catholic Church become in rulership. The word “trinity” is not even mentioned in the entire Book of the Bible. And as far as three Gods, that’s from hell. There’s one God. That’s exactly right.”

[30] Cloud, David. 2012, Mar 8. Latter Rain and Manifest Sons of God. “They were also influenced by Franklin Hall’s Atomic Power with God through Fasting and Prayer. Ernest Hawtin testified: “The truth of fasting was one great contributing factor to the revival. One year before this we had read Franklin Hall’s book, entitled ‘Atomic Power With God Through Fasting and Prayer.’”

[31] Q403 Transcript. Accessed 2023, Aug 13 from “The Coptic Church has kept Christianity alive in a sea of pagan and Muslim hostility for over 1500 years. The institution has changed little in that time, gathering both power and land. It obliges the people to fast 180 days of the year – that was a good suggestion that the good church leaders would have, that would help excuse the fact that they had no food there, actually fasting nearly half of the year – and commemorates so many saints days that between feasting and fasting, very little work ever got done. This is particularly true in the rural areas, where it wielded its greatest power. But the church has had its leaders deposed, and more socialist leaders for the laity brought up to the hierarchy of the church. And the church is now backing the military.”

[32] Mackenzie, followers on hunger strike over Kindiki’s “rot in jail” remarks. 2023, Jun 7. Accessed 2023, Aug 13 from

[33] Q051 Transcript. Accessed 2023, Aug 13 from “So we have quite a bit of mileage here. Fifty, eighty of you coming through, a week, and I’ve talked to those sonsabitches that way more than once. We sat on our ass one day, we fasted twice, we didn’t get started, we told them we’re going to, but fuck ‘em, we thought we’d eat. At least we’re going to die well, we’re going to eat well while we (voice trails off). We’re told them we’re fasting, and we said we wasn’t going to produce a goddamn crop and we’re going to tear up all the fields and burn down the houses. Now that’s what we tell them. That’s the way we talk to them. These intellectuals with their Ph.D.’s, and all their degrees, they don’t understand it when you’re talking nice to them. But when you talk about burning all the houses down and tearing up the ground and raising hell and shooting off firecrackers (short laugh), they understand that.”

[34] Branham, William. 1955, Jul 24. Enticing Spirits.

[35] Branham, William. 1950, Jul 13. Obey the Voice of the Angel. “He comes, time after time, through the room and different places when I’m fasting and praying.”

[36] Branham, William. 1950, Aug 13. The Resurrection Of Lazarus

[37] Branham, William. 64-0313 – The Voice Of The Sign

[38] Branham, William. 1964, Aug 30. Questions And Answers #3

[39] Q596a Transcript. Accessed 2023, Aug 13 from “And Africa, you get an education and ought to have an ed– education because there is where history is going to be made.”

[40] Mwai, Peter. Barrow, Deka. Njoroge, Rose. Pastor Paul Mackenzie: What did the starvation cult leader preach? Accessed 2023, Aug 13 from “’Education is evil’: Another theme of Pastor Mackenzie’s sermons has been the idea that formal education is satanic and used to extort money.”

[41] Branham, William. 1956, Jun 11. Hear Ye Him

[42] Branham, Wililam. 1964, Dec 12. The Harvest Time

[43] Davis, Roy E. Wm. Branham’s First pastor. 1950, Oct. The Voice of Healing. “I am the minister who received Brother Branham into the first Pentecostal assembly he ever frequented. I baptized him, and was his pastor for some two years. I also preached his ordination sermon, and signed his ordination certificate, and heard him preach his first sermon.”

[44] Branham, William. 1957, Mar 6. God Keeps His Word. “When I was first converted and was ordained in the Baptist church, I had a good old teacher by the name of Dr. Roy Davis. He was a lawyer before his conversion, and he took everything from a legal standpoint in the Bible.”

[45] Branham, William. 1959, April 9. Mary’s Belief. “But when I walked to the platform, and it happened to be that he knew the old Baptist preacher that ordained me in the Baptist church, Doctor Roy E. Davis. Doctor Davis told him to come, see me when I come to the coast, to have me to pray for him. And he moved in and was setting in his wheelchair. All of a sudden I saw an old hay frame and a little boy fall, hurt his back, begin to relate just what I was seeing. Someone said, ‘That’s the old congressman setting there, William Upshaw.’”

[46] Knights Flaming Sword Asked to Lay Down Arms. 1925, Jan 19. Chattanooga Daily Times. “Immediately thereafter I became quite active in conferring this second degree, which resulted in banishment papers being made out against me for entering into a conspiracy to disrupt or overthrow the Klan. I immediately replied to the charges filed against me, took this reply along with my banishment papers to 1840 Peachtree Road, Atlanta, laid them before the colonel and the then chief of staff, Dr. Fred B. Johnson, of San Antonio, Tex., and was assured that I was right in standing by the colonel.”

[47] Branham, William. 1957, Oct 6. Questions And Answers On Hebrews #3. “I was… met Brother George DeArk and them down there. And I was walked, and the Lord led me to a little place. And they was discussing where the colored man came from. And they were trying to say that the colored man…That Cain married an animal like an ape, and through there come forth the colored race. Now, that’s wrong! Absolutely, that’s wrong! And don’t never stand for that. Cause there was no colored or white, or any other different, it’s just one race of people unto the flood. Then after the flood and the tower of Babel, when they began to scatter out, that’s when they taken their colors and so forth. They’re all come from the same tree. That’s exactly right. Adam and Eve was the father and mother, earthly, of every living creature of human beings that’s ever been on the earth. That’s right. Black, white, pale, brown, yellow, whatever color you might be”

[48] Branham, William. 1954, January 3. Questions And Answers #1 (54-0103M). “Now, remember, the Church is not His servants. We are His sons, not His servants. The Jew is always His servant. The Church has never been His servants, It’s been His children. See? The servants”

[49] Branham, William. 1953, Jun 14. Earnestly Contending For The Faith That Was Once Delivered To The Saints. “Nimrod was a son of Ham, which come on back from a son of Cain. Watch them seeds as they come up.”

[50] Texarkana Lawyer Reveals Leadership of Klan Faction. 1959, May 31. Arkansas Gazette. “Edwards’ statement came two days after R. E. Davis of Dallas made a public statement that he was national imperial dragon, Knights of the Original Ku Klux Klan, U. S. A.”

[51] Minister May Take Over Klan. 1958, Mar 28. Daily Sun. “He said Eldon Edwards of Atlanta, imperial grand wizard of the Klan, made the request. Rev. Davis is a retired Baptist preacher”

[52] Branham, 63-0721 – He Cares Do You Care?

[53] Branham, William. 1965, December 7. Leadership (65-1207). “Oh, you see, it’s this intellectual day that we’re living in. Education, civilization, and the modern trend of the day, is all of the devil. “Civilization of the devil?” Yes, sir! The Bible said it is.”

[54] Branham, William. 1965, April 25. God’s Provided Place Of Worship. “Look at this teen-age insane! Why, we had a…I told you the other day, they was taking an analysis there of the schools in Arizona where I live, and eighty percent of the children in school is mentally retarded. What will their children be? We can’t have another generation. We’re at the end.”

[55] Branham, William. 1965, February 6. Doors In Door. “I am a segregationalist. Because, I don’t care how much they argue, you cannot be a Christian and be an integrationist. That’s exactly right. God even separates His nations. He separates His people. “Come out from among them!’ He’s a…He is a segregationalist. “Don’t even…Touch not their unclean things!’ He pulled Israel, that Jewish race, out of every, all the races in the world. He is a segregationalist”

[56] Branham, William. 1963, June 28. O Lord, Just Once More. “The white woman,” raised up and said, “I don’t want my children schooled by a white woman,” said, “because they…she won’t pay the—the interest, take interest in my children like a colored woman was in my own race.” Said, “There, look at our schools. They got swimming pools. They got better schools and everything. Why do we want to go to their schools?” That’s right. I believe God is a God of—of, well, I’d say He is a God of variety. He makes big mountains and little mountains. He makes deserts. He makes forests. He makes white man, black man, red man. We should never cross that up. It becomes a hybrid. And anything hybrid cannot re-breed itself. You are ruining the race of people. There is some things about a colored man that a white man don’t even possess them traits. A white man is always stewing and worrying; a colored man is satisfied in the state he is in, so they don’t need those things.

[57] Branham, William. 1963, Jul 21. He Cares. Do You Care? “And I think that Martin Luther King is Communistic inspired”

[58] About James Meredith. University of Mississippi. Accessed 2023, Aug 21 from See also, Branham, William. 1962, October 14. The Stature Of A Perfect Man (62-1014M). “The blood of Abraham Lincoln freed them people because he was a godly man. I think they ought to at least stick to their party if they’re going to vote at all. But I tell you one thing, that boy wasn’t down in there just because that, their schools. That boy is a citizen. He’s American. This is freedom for all. The color of a man shouldn’t change his difference. We all…’God,’ said, ‘of one man, made all blood, all nations.’ We’re all one. But, that boy, he was a soldier. He’s a veteran. He fought for what’s right. He had a right to go to school. That’s right. But he had plenty of schools he could go to. It’s what the thing is. If you get behind it, it’s this present-day denominational stuff up there, that’s inspiring that. Why? They’re swinging those colored votes from Republican to Democrat, and they’re selling their birthrights by it.”

[59] Rivenburg, Roy. 25 years ago, the Children of God’s gospel of free love outraged critics. “Under fire from deprogrammers and child-abuse authorities, the cult virtually disappeared. It’s back–calling itself ‘the Family’ and saying it has changed. But former members are skeptical. : A True Conversion? Accessed 2023, Jun 7 from “China and Egypt expelled the self-proclaimed ‘Happy Hookers for Jesus.’ And on Tenerife, Berg and company reportedly were driven out after local prostitutes of the Canary Islands’ biggest island complained that COG was taking their business.”

[60] Wilkinson, Peter. 2005, Jun 30. Accessed 2023, Jun 7 from “Kicked out as pastor of a Christian Missionary Alliance church in Valley Farms, Arizona, in 1951, on suspicion of sexual misconduct, an angry and bitter Berg wanted to move far away from traditional Christian orthodoxy. What Berg was selling – that the corrupt modern world was doomed and only Jesus could lead a Christian revolution – proved irresistible to hundreds of idealistic young people, Karen Zerby among them. A week after meeting group members, she followed them to Huntington Beach. There, at a coffeehouse called the Light Club, Berg was dispensing his interpretation of the Bible to the hippies congregated in an area then considered the Haight-Ashbury of Southern California.”

[61] Branham, Wiliam. 1956, Jun 16. An Exodus. “I believe that God’s going pour out here in a few moments, something. I don’t whether it’s going to be a spontaneous healings, whether it’s going to be a filling with the Holy Ghost, whether it’s going to be a sending forth of a ministry.”

[62] HomeARC ML 1354. Accessed 2023, Jun 6 from “1951: FAITHY BORN! LEFT CHURCH, got fed up with secular College, received prophetic encouragement from William Branham. (See No.897:1-53.) Returned to California to attend more Bible College. Began driving school bus & teaching Calvary Junior High School Classes. (See No.897.)”

[63] Berg, David. 1983, Sep. THE NEW HEAVEN & THE NEW EARTH! Accessed 2023, Jun 6 from “I remember William Branham, a famous prophet of God that I met in the U.S. many years ago, relating a dream the Lord gave him about Heaven. He had just been through a personal tragedy, as he & his wife were caught in a big flood & he got lost from her. He finally found her at the hospital, but she died shortly after from exposure & shock. WILLIAM BRANHAM ALSO GOT VERY SICK with tuberculosis from exposure & cold & wandering around in the wet & the water, & he nearly died too. In fact, I think he wanted to die because he’d lost his wife & child in the flood. But he said that while he was so sick in the hospital & telling the Lord that he wanted to die, he dreamed that he was walking across these beautiful flowery fields surrounded by wooded hills, & there was this beautiful little cottage!”

[64] Berg, David. 1986, Jan. WHAT DID YOU DO TODAY TO SAVE A SOUL? Accessed 2023, Jun 6 from “BUT ACTUALLY, I’M CONVINCED THAT THE HALOS REALLY REPRESENT YOUR GUARDIAN ANGEL! I think I told you that before, that Angels are flying saucers. They took a picture of William Branham one time & he had a halo, & he believed it was his Guardian Angel, one of the spirits of God, hovering over his head to protect him & keep him. So usually, I believe that halo represents at least your Guardian Angel! Of course, Angels can change form & everything. But I don’t think you would have gotten much out of our story if we just had halos alone represent the Guardian Angel. Don’t you think you get a little more out of it by seeing them usually depicted as Angels? I even let Eman put wings on Flame, although Angels don’t even really have to have wings any more than you do! You’re going to fly without wings!”

[65] Branham, William. 1956, Apr 4. The Infallibility of God’s Spoken Word. Accessed 2021, Aug 12 from “flying saucers and everything, all kinds of mystic signs in the heavens above. Signs on the earth below, there’ll be sea a roaring, tidal waves breaking along Chicago.”

[66] Jones, James. 1973, July 21. Annotated Transcript Q1015. Accessed 2021, Aug 9 from “But I’m telling you something that’s been proven to me as a metaphysician that called up the woman that spit the cancer up in the aisle, and I told her things about her life, and healed her back, from their neck, where it had been broken in an accident. I can only tell you my experience level. My experience level is that there are some rare cases where people do not have any existence after their body passes. What little spark of extra-dimensional talent or extraterrestrial talent or heavenly aspect integrates with another body, and they never survive as a personality.”

[67] Rivenburg, Roy. 25 years ago, the Children of God’s gospel of free love outraged critics. Under fire from deprogrammers and child-abuse authorities, the cult virtually disappeared. It’s back–calling itself ‘the Family’ and saying it has changed. But former members are skeptical. : A True Conversion? Accessed 2023, Jun 7 from

[68] Barker, Eileen (2016). “From the Children of God to the Family International – A Story of Radical Christianity and De-Radicalising Transformation.” Handbook of Global Contemporary Christianity Movements, Institutions, and Allegiance. Brill. pp. 414–415. ISBN 9789004310780. Another schism, the Jesus Christians, was founded in Australia in 1981 by Dave MacKay (1944– ) following disagreements over practices such as flirty fishing.

[69] ENDTIME MESSAGES – MACKENZIE – 666 VOL 7 SEC A (YouTube Video). Accessed 2023, Aug 21 from “My friends and I, we understood from the videos on YouTube about what happened to brother McKenzie down in Malindi when he was preaching about the Haduma cult. So my brothers and sisters and I from around the world we also feel that the Haduma cult is getting us closer to the mark of the beast {…} We do have a YouTube channel if people are interested in visiting it’s called A Voice in the Desert”

[70] Lwanga, Charles. Pastor Paul Makenzi in trouble again. Accessed 2023, Aug 21 from “Police arrest televangelist Paul Makenzi of Good News International Church in Malindi on September 29, 2017, on suspicion of radicalising 53 children using extreme Christian and Muslim doctrines.”

[71] Ivory Coast: Philippe Kacou pardoned, continues to “insult” Alassane Ouattara. Accessed 2022, Mar 21 from

[72] Basualto, Rebeca Araya. 2009, Mar 9. Schäfer’s former confidant speaks for the first time: he asks for his part after a millionaire agreement between Villa Baviera and the CDE. Accessed 2022, May 10 from “In Laube’s opinion, the structure and values ​​sown by Schäfer persist in the Villa: “Those who make up the board are from the sect of Pastor Ewald Frank and in his religion, women are second-class people, sex is a sin and everything that. Frank was not allowed to enter Chile in 2005, but in 2003 he baptized more than 170 settlers of all ages in the Perquilauquen River. That’s when I realized that nothing had changed.” See also, Basso, Carlos. 2022. La Secta Perfecta. “a DVD that came from Germany came into the hands of the PDI. It was a record that contained one of Ewald Frank’s sermons who, as in the case of Branham and Schafer, liked to be recorded. The official letter with which the Human Rights Brigade sent images to the judge specified that these images had been captured “in a missionary center in Krefeld, Germany, where the church, printing press and television studios of that ministry are located.” The video was dated July 29 of that same year, 2005, and at the twenty-ninth minute it was possible to see Albert Schreiber and his wife in the audience.”

[73] Pisetta, Nicola. Colonia Dignidad: Pinochet’s City-Lager in Chile. Accessed 2022, Jun 9 from “Colonia Dignidad was therefore also one of the most ruthless places of detention for political prisoners in Chile: new bunkers, long underground tunnels and laboratories very similar to those of Auschwitz were born inside. According to the most recent documents, the well-known Nazi doctor Josef Mengele also found hospitality in the structure .Joseph MengelePsychedelic drugs were tested on inmates and electroshock was common. In addition, the effect of sarin gas was also examined in the secret basement of the concentration camp. Those who died joined the long list of disappeared and ended up in mass graves.”

[74] NAIROBI (KENYA) 16 JULY 2008 – EWALD FRANK (GB). (YouTube Video of Ewald Frank in Kenya). Accessed 2023, May 10 from

[75] Kacou 6. Accessed 2023, May 10 from “And there was William Branham with the evening light. William Branham showed that he had the Indian blood through his grandmother. And today, at the time of Africa, Ewald Frank, a White man speaks of the midnight Cry. And yet, we know that after the evening time, it’s midnight, the Blacks, Africa before going back again to the East with the two witnesses of Revelation 11.”

[76] Philippe, Kacou. 2005. KACOU 53 : THE SEVEN DIMENSIONS. Accessed 2023, Aug 13 from “Well, I would like to speak now about the seven dimensions… The first dimension is the matter {…} The second dimension is the light, any natural light is in the second dimension. The third dimension refers to times, seasons and periods. {…}the fourth dimension, it is science; it refers to the waves and chemical reactions. The fifth dimension, it is the torment that is the presence of Satan and demons. {…} the sixth dimension it is under the altar that is, the Bosom of Abraham. Where the dead in Christ are. {…} And now the Seventh dimension, it is the presence of God and the Holy Angels… {…} about another dimension which is not in number of these ones and if this Revelation exists even partly somewhere, I do not know… and this is another dimension, a new dimension and it is really about that I would like to talk first in depth. You see? The moon, the stars, the sun, the nine planets which are Mercury, Venus, the earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto.”

[77] ex: 2017, Jul 10. Apostle of self-styled ‘only prophet of God on earth’ arrested in West Africa. Accessed 2021, Jun 17 from “In the Ivory Coast, the Midnight Cry Church is again making the news.”

[78] Philippe, Kacou. KACOU 84 : THE MANIFESTATION OF THE TWO SEEDS. Accessed 2023, Aug 13 from

[79] Lupton, Andrew. 2017, Sept 25. How a dead U.S. evangelist inspires London’s reviled street preachers. Accessed 2023, Aug 13 from

[80] Pastor Robert Gumbura who had unprotected sex with over 100 women bounces back. 2015, Jan 24. Accessed 2021, May 13 from

[81] PREACHER DEFENDS POLYGAMY. Accessed 2023, Aug 13 from

[82] Oliveira, Rafael (August 2, 2021). “Pastor suspeito de crimes sexuais contra fiéis morre de Covid-19, em Goiânia.” GIOAS. Accessed 2023, Aug 13 from

[83] Ramdass, Rickie (July 1, 2021). “$10 million bail for pastor charged with money laundering.” Trinidad Daily Express. Accessed 2023, Aug 13 from

[84] Cos, Marie-France (January 18, 2018). “DRC: a minister denounces an “attack” with … rosaries.” La Libra Afrique. Accessed 2023, Aug 13 from

[85] Branham, William. 1965, Dec 5. Things That Are To Be